- If there is a family history of diabetes, particularly if a close relative such as a parent or sibling has the condition.
- Your ethnicity. In the UK, type 2 diabetes is up to six times more common in people of South Asian descent and up to three times more common in people of African or African–Caribbean descent, compared with the general population.
- Being overweight or obese. Type 2 diabetes is closely linked to excess weight. It is estimated that 80 per cent of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Being overweight reduces the body’s ability to respond to insulin. In particular if you carry extra weight around your waist (called central obesity) you are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Age – the risk of developing diabetes increases with age. If you are white and aged over 40, or if you are over 25 and are of African, African–Caribbean or Asian descent, you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- If you have had diabetes during pregnancy and not needed to take medication. Your diabetes care team will advise and support you in making any necessary changes to your lifestyle.
The short answer to this is yes. A stroke is a brain attack which happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, caused by a clot or bleeding in the brain. People with diabetes are 2 to 3 times more likely to have a stroke caused by a blockage, called an ischemic stroke, than people without the condition, according to research. However, the risk of having a stroke caused by bleeding in or around the brain known as a haemorrhagic stroke, this is probably similar to that of people who do not have diabetes. Diabetes is a condition caused by too much glucose in the blood. It affects over two million people in the UK. If not treated or controlled well, diabetes can increase your risk of stroke because high levels of glucose in the blood can damage your arteries, making them harder and narrower, called atherosclerosis. Diabetes also increases the risk of the build-up of fatty deposits in your arteries, which increases the chances of these blood vessels becoming blocked. If this happens in an artery leading to the brain, it could cause a stroke. The main risk factors are: –